It is in the year 2005 that the procedure called microdermabrasion was performed most in the United States among four other aesthetic procedures. A marked increase of about 26% was noted translating into 150,000 microdermabrasion procedures being undertaken. The increase was in comparison to what was the case in the year 2003. This non-invasive treatment procedure was developed in Italy in the year 1985 as a way of getting rid of the dead top skin.
For this procedure to be done, one needs a microdermabrasion machine. There are almost over 100 different types of this important machine but their function is all based on one basic design. Basically it is a vacuum for the skin that works electronically. Medicinal grade crystals are run across the top of the skin via stainless steel or through a glass wand. As the wand gets in contact with the skin, it is closed up and this action creates a vacuum that sucks out both the crystals and the dried up and dead skin. To protect skin and make it defy age one must first know their skin type. This can be done easily thanks to the invention of the scale called Fitzpatrick Classification scale. This scale was created in 1975 and it groups the skin’s complexion against its tolerance to the sun. It can be used to gauge likelihood of skin cancer and also to know how different individuals will respond to treatments given to the face.
There are six major skin types; there is white and very fair, white and fair, cream white, brown, dark brown and black. White and very fair is the type of skin that burns quite easily and does not tan. White and fair skin burns can tan with some effort. Cream white types of skin tan gradually and can get mild burns while brown skin type burns very rarely and tans very readily. Dark brown skin is especially common in the mid-east areas. It hardly burns at all and also tans very readily. Last but not least is the black skin type. People with this skin type do not burn and they tan quite readily.
Basically the skin is made up of three main layers; the first is the epidermis, the dermis and lastly the subcutaneous tissue. Epidermis is the outer protective layer and it keeps the skin safe from the eternal elements. Keratinocytes move up to the top of the epidermis building up a lot of keratin in the process. Keratin gives the skin a tough covering that eventually sheds off. If this process goes wrong a scaly skin results. The second layer called the dermis is the one that contains all the connective tissue. It contains collagen that strengthens the skin, protein that hands turgor to the skin and elastin which makes the skin stretchy and elastic.
The dermal-epidermal junction is the layer between the first two layers. It is vital because it forms the rete ridges which interlock the two layers together. This layer ensures that the epidermis gets its nutrients from the dermis and they also increase the area in contact with blood vessels of the epidermis. The subcutaneous tissue is the last year which ensures that the body is well insulated and kept warm.
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